as a great fan of the ubuntu operating system in client and server environments, i will show you today how to install a gui on the server.
I know, a good administrator doesn’t need a gui and i prefer a good shell more than a gui. But for some reasons, a gui can be very helpful – and there are some people out there, who are feeling better to work with windows ;). And these people will be happy withe a ubuntu server gui.
Tutorial made on ubuntu 14.10 server.
An internet connection.
Before we start we have to decide, which desktop we want to use.
For a server environment, it is recommended to use a lightweight desktop manager. But if you are more familiar with the standard managers like gnome, kde ort unity, then there is no technical reason why you can’t use it.
Here are some desktop-managers
Lightweight Ubuntu Server Gui:
LXDE (Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment) –http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/LXDE
KDE – https://www.kde.org
Installation of the desktop-managers:
1.) Open a ssh-session or login direct on the terminal.
2.) To start the desktop manager you need the X-environment. For easy installation i would recommend, that you install the lightdm-package. I know there are lots of packages you don’t need, but i am sure not all of you have the time for searching the right ones.
Install lightdm with: sudo apt-get install lightdm
LXDE: sudo apt-get install lxde
and if you only want the lxde-deskop without any application
sudo apt-get install lxde-core
XFCE: sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop
and if you only want the xfce-deskop without any application
sudo apt-get install xfce4
GNOME: sudo apt-get install gnome
and if you only want the gnome-deskop without any application
sudo apt-get install gnome-core
KDE: sudo apt-get install kubuntu-desktop
If you have problems or further questions please send me an firstname.lastname@example.org